The following books (containing primary sources and analysis), articles, theses, and dissertations provide the most insight, in my view, into the Cattle-Killing Movement's history. Literary works and related criticism have been excluded from this list of resources.
Andreas, Chris. "The Spread and Impact of the Lungsickness Epizootic of 1853-57 in the Cape Colony and the Xhosa Chiefdoms." South African Historical Journal 53 (2005): 50-72.
Berning, J.M. The Historical "Conversations" of Sir George Cory. Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman, 1989. ISBN 0636011976.
Boniface Davies, Sheila. History in the Literary Imagination: Nongqawuse and the Xhosa Cattle-Killing in South African Literature and Culture (1891-1939). Cambridge: University of Cambridge. 2010. Diss.
Boniface Davies, Sheila. "Raising the Dead: The Xhosa Cattle-Killing and the Mhlakaza-Goliat Delusion." Journal of Southern African Studies 33, no. 1 (March 2007): 19-41.
Bradford, Helen. "Peasants, Historians, and Gender: A South African Case Study Revisited, 1850-1886." History and Theory 39, no. 4 (December 2000): 86-110.
Bradford, Helen. "Women, Gender, and Colonialism: Rethinking the History of the British Cape Colony and Its Frontier Zones, c. 1806-70." Journal of African History 37 (1996): 351-370.
Bradford, Helen. "New Country, New Race, New Men: War, Gender and Millenarianism in Xhosaland, 1855-1857." Presented at the Oslo 2000 Conference: Session on Gender, Race, Xenophobia and Nationalism (Oslo, Norway). 2000.
Bradford, Helen. "Through Gendered Eyes: Nongqawuse and the Great Xhosa Cattle-Killing." South African and Contemporary History Seminar, University of the Western Cape. 2001.
Bradford, Helen. "Akukho Ntaka Inokubhabha Ngephiko Elinye (No Bird Can Fly on One Wing): The 'Cattle-Killing Delusion' and Black Intellectuals, c1840-1910." African Studies 67, no. 2 (2008).
Brownlee, Charles Pacalt. Reminiscences of Kafir Life and History and Other Papers by the Late Hon. Charles Brownlee, Gaika Commissioner. Lovedale: Lovedale Mission Press, 1916.
Chalmers, John A. Tiyo Soga: A Page of South African Mission Work. Edinburgh: Andrew Elliot, 1877.
Dowsley, Eileen D'Altera. An Investigation into the Circumstances Relating to the Cattle-Killing Delusion in Kaffraria, 1856-1857. University of South Africa. 1932. Thesis.
du Toit, Anthonie Eduard. The Cape Frontier: A Study of Native Policy with Special Reference to the Years 1847-1866. University of Pretoria. 1954. Diss.
Gqoba, W.W. "Isizatu Sokuxelwa Kwe Nkomo Ngo Nongqause," Parts I and II. Isigidimi SamaXosa (March and April 1888).
Gqoba, William W. "The Cause of the Cattle-Killing at the Nongqawuse Period." InTowards an African Literature: The Emergence of Literary Form in Xhosa. Edited by A.C. Jordan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.
Hofmeyr, George. King William's Town and the Xhosa: The Role of a Frontier Capital. University of Cape Town: Cape Town. 1981. Thesis.
Lewis, Jack. "Materialism and Idealism in the Historiography of the Xhosa Cattle-Killing Movement 1856-7." South African Historical Journal 25 (1991): 244-268.
Moorcroft, Errol. Theories of Millenarianism Considered with Reference to Certain Southern African Movements. University College, University of Oxford: Oxford. 1967. Thesis.
Mutwa, Vusamazulu Credo. Africa is My Witness. Johannesburg: Blue Crane Books, 1966.
Peires, Jeff. "Second Thoughts on Nongqawuse." Presented at the Biennial Conference of the South African Historical Society (University of the Free State). 2003.
Peires, Jeff. "Suicide or Genocide? Xhosa Perceptions of the Nongqawuse Catastrophe." Radical History Review 46, no. 7 (1990): 46-57.
Peires, Jeff. The Dead Will Arise: Nongqawuse and the Great Xhosa Cattle-Killing Movement of 1856-7. Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1989. ISBN 0869753819.
Peires, Jeff. "Cry Havoc! Thoughts on the Deconstruction of Mhlakaza." African Studies 67, no. 2 (2008).
Peires, Jeff. "The Late Great Plot: The Official Delusion Concerning the Xhosa Cattle Killing, 1856-1857." History in Africa 12 (1985): 253-279.
Peires, Jeff. "The Implosion of Transkei and Ciskei." African Affairs 91 (1992): 365-387.
Peires, Jeff. "Sir George Grey Versus the Kaffir Relief Committee." Journal of Southern African Studies 10, no. 2 (April 1984): 145-169.
Stapleton, Timothy J. "They Are Depriving Us of Our Chieftainship: The Decline and Fall of the Traditional Xhosa Aristocracy." Historia 38, no. 2 (November 1993): 86-99.
Stapleton, Timothy J. "Chapter Six: Are You a Chief and Led by Black Men? The Xhosa Cattle-Killing (1853-57)." Maqoma: Xhosa Resistance to Colonial Advance 1798-1873 (1994): 168-192.
Stapleton, Timothy J. "'They No Longer Care for Their Chiefs': Another Look at the Xhosa Cattle-Killing of 1856-1857." International Journal of African Historical Studies24, no. 2 (1991): 383-392.
Stapleton, Timothy J. "Reluctant Slaughter: Rethinking Maqoma's Role in the Xhosa Cattle-Killing (1853-1857)." International Journal of African Historical Studies 26, no. 2 (1993): 345-369.
Wenzel, Jennifer. "The Problem of Metaphor: Tropic Logic in Cattle-Killing Prophecies and their Afterlives." African Studies 67, no. 2 (2008).